The Farming Lands of Australia
Australia is considered as one of the major producers and exporters when it comes to agricultural products. While there’s a wide belief that Australia’s environment is generally made out of dry lands that are generally unsuited for most crops, agriculture possesses a booming economical value for the country. Most of areas of Australia consist of the outback which is dry and usually barren, inhabited by different kinds of animals.
However, what the people did is utilize a combination of dry land farming and an innovative way for irrigating the land to keep their crops well-hydrated. This is to counteract the naturally dry atmosphere of the lands of Australia and promote the growth and cultivation of crops even in a hot environment with limited water supply and lesser occurrences of rain.
The agricultural area of Australia is divided into three main zones, namely: Tasmania – a zone with high rainfall and a narrow coastal zone; a zone for raising sheep and growing wheat; and a pastoral zone with lesser rainfall, the soil is less fertile and animals are allowed to graze freely.
Issues in Australia’s Agricultural Lands
With Australia’s geographical characteristics, it experiences problems when it comes to its agricultural economy. Several factors influence the growth of their crops and the annual yield of their different products. Here are some common problems faced by Australia in terms of their agriculture.
Low Soil Fertility
Similar to other regions with the same climate and weather patterns, Australia possesses regions with low soil fertility. This leads to lower yields compared to other farmlands that have well-nourished soil. What farmers do is cycle planting of crops so that the soil does not run out of nutrition. With the limited space that fertile soil has in the region, farmers also maximize the area by cutting off trees in the middle of planting fields. Most farmers use chainsaws to easily chop down trees.
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Droughts and Limited Water Supply
It’s no surprise that the regions of Australia experience drought from time to time. This usually occurs during the summer when the heat is at its peak. What usually happens during a drought is crops quickly wilt and die from dehydration. It is unwise to raise crops and other plants that require a high demand of water in the farming lands of Australia. This would lead to inefficiency in their cultivation and would just be a waste of time, money and hard work in raising them. Add to that the limited water supply in Australia; farmers can’t just use a hefty amount of water in their crops. Raising a farm in those lands needs to be in an efficient manner wherein there’s little waste in resources but still producing a high yield of products.
To fight off these problems, farmers use an irrigation system which delivers a measured amount of water for their crops. This results in a manageable amount of water being used for farmlands and still save the water supply in the process. The crops used in these farms also play an important factor. Instead of using crops that need a lot of water to survive, they raise crops which are easily cultivated and manageable in Australia’s type of environment. Crops like wheat, oats, barley, cotton seeds and sunflowers are raised in the country which is abundantly produced annually.